Knowles Adult Learning Theory
Knowles Adult Learning Theory has six assumptions about adult learners. These assumptions are:
- Adults need to know why they need to learn something.
- As people mature, their self-concept moves from one of being dependent toward one of being self-directed.
- As people mature, they accumulate a large amount of experience that can serve as a rich resource for learning.
- Real-life problems or situations create a readiness to learn in the adult.
- As a person matures his or her time perspective changes from one of postponed application of knowledge to immediacy of application.
- Adults are primarily motivated by a desire to solve immediate and practical problems. As a person, matures, motivation to learn is stimulated by internal stimuli rather than external stimuli (McEwen and Wills, Theoretical Basis for Nursing, 2006, p. 399).