Sociology is the study of humans in interaction with others. Sociologists study people interacting at work, at school, at worship, in politics, in sports, or within the family. The focus of this broad discipline ranges from the intimate relationship of a romance to multinational corporations doing business around the world. Sociology is interested in children playing happily together or friends recalling “remember the time” stories, as well as organized crime competing for territory in the city or nations engaging in war.


Sociologists study the commonalities of humans but also the divisions of society such as race, class, and gender. As one of the social sciences, sociology is a research-based discipline using a variety of theories and research methods to analyze the patterns and challenges of social life.

The American Sociological Association provides a wealth of information about the discipline.